Brigham said every earth has its own Adam and Eve and that Saints don't have to understand Adam's status.

Oct 8, 1854
Speech / Court Transcript
Brigham Young
Scribed Verbatim

Brigham Young, Sermon, October 8, 1854, 11-26, Historian's Office reports of speeches, 1845-1885, CR 100 317, Church History Library

George D. Watt
Brigham Young
Members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

. . . Every world has had an Adam, and an Eve: named so, simply because the first man is always called Adam, and the first woman Eve; and the oldest son has always had the privilege of being ordained, appointed, and called to be the heir of the family, if he does not rebel against the Father; and he is the savior of that family. Every world that has been created, has been created upon the same principle. They may vary in their varieties, yet the eternity is one; it is one eternal round. These are things that scarcely belong to the best of this congregation. There are items of doctrine, and principles, in the bosom of eternity that the best of the Latter Day Saints are unworthy to receive. If the visions of their minds were opened to look unto the vast creations, and gaze upon the power, and glory, and goodness, and exaltation of the Gods, they would exclaim; "Wo is me, I am undone. I am of unclean lips."

But we will look at it a little. Do any of you know anything about the creation of this world? "O yes, we understand a good deal about it from the account given in the Bible." So you read in the Bible of there being three persons in one God; many religionists in the world believe in a three-in-one God, however, I do not wish to spend time to deliberate upon the notions adopted by the sectarians, the world is full of them. There are Lords many and Gods many according to the Bible; it does not contradict the doctrine, neither can you find a single passage that does away with that idea. But let us turn our attention to the God with which we have to do. I tell you simply, he is our Father; the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the Father of our spirits. Can that be possible? Yes, it is possible, he is the Father of all the spirits of the human family.

All things are first made spiritual, and brought forth into his kingdom. The spirits of all the human family were <begotten by> of one father. Now be watchful, for if I have time, and feel able, I shall communicate something in connection with this you are not expecting. Yes, every son and daughter of Adam according to the flesh can claim one parentage; the Heathen, and the Christian, the Jew and the Gentile, the high and the low, the king and the beggar, the black and the white, all who have sprung from Adam and Eve have one Father. "Then you make it out we are brethren and sisters." Certainly, for the whole human family are made of one blood;—of the same material; they are all begotten and brought forth by one parentage, and from one generation to another they are of one flesh and blood, and of one kindred. The God and Father [of] our Lord Jesus Christ is the Father of our spirits.

I began at the end, and shall probably finish at the beginning of my discourse; but it is no matter which end a man begins at, for the first shall be last, and the last first; which proves it is one eternal round;—it is <one> eternity. Elohim looked around upon the eternity of matter, and said to his associates, and those that he was pleased to call upon at that time for his counselors, with regard to the elements, worlds, planets, kingdoms and thrones; said he, "Yahovah Michael, see that eternal matter on all sides, this way and that way; we have already created worlds upon worlds, shall we create another world? Yes, go and organize the elements yonder in space;" not empty space, for there is no such thing, once in a while, [the] earth quakes, and the extensive destruction of combustible matter by fire will come nigh, making empty space for perhaps the millionth part of a second. "Yahovah Michael, go and create a world, make it, organize it, form it; and then put upon it every thing in all the variety that you have seen, that you have been in the habit of being associated with in other worlds, of beasts, birds, fowl, fish, and every insect, and creeping thing,"— and finally, the whole eternity of element is full of life, bring it together and make of it living creatures."

Yahovah Michael, goes and does as he is told. What I am now going to tell you, will no doubt astonish the whole of you. When Yahovah Michael had organized the world, and brought from another kingdom the beasts, fish, fowl, and insects, and every tree, and plant with which we are acquainted, and thousands that we never saw, when he had filled the earth with animal and vegetable life, Michael, <or Adam> goes down to the new made world, and there he stays. Do you suppose he went there alone? Moses made the Bible to say his wife was taken out of his side,—was made from one of his ribs. I do not know anything to the contrary of my ribs being equal on both sides. The Lord knows if I had lost a rib for each wife I have, I should have <had> none left long ago. Some try to say how many wives the Governor of Utah has, got but if they can tell, they can tell more than I can, for I do not know how many I have; I have not counted them up for many years. I did not know how many I had before I left the United States I had so many. I heard that I had ninety. Why bless your souls, ninety is not a beginning. You might ask me if I have ever seen them all; I answer no; I see a few of them I pick up myself here. I have lots, and scores I have <I> never seen, nor shall not, until the morning of the resurrection.

Now about the rib. As for the Lord taking a rib out of Adam's side to make a woman of, he took one out of my side just as much.

"But," brother Brigham, "would you make it appear that Moses did not tell you the truth?"

No, not a particle more than I would that your mother did not tell the truth, when she told you that little Billy came from a hollow toad stool. I would not accuse your mother of lying, any more than I would Moses; the people in the days of Moses wanted to know things that were not for them, the same as your children do, when they want to know where their little brother came from, and he answered them according to their folly, the same as you did your children.

Now some will be ready to say, "We always heard these Mormons did not believe the Bible." I believe all the truth that is there, and that is enough for me, and for you to believe.

"Then the Lord did not make Adam out of the dust of the earth?"

Yes he did, but I have not got to that part of my discourse yet. Adam was made of the dust of the earth.

"Was he made of the dust of this earth?"

No but of the dust of the earth where on he was born in the flesh, that is the way he was made, he was made of dust.

"Did the Lord put into him his spirit?"

Yes, as the Lord put into you, your spirit, he was begotten of a Father, and brought forth as you and I were; and so are all intelligent beings brought forth from eternity to eternity. Man was not made the same as you make an adobe to put in a wall.

Moses said Adam was made of the dust of the ground, but he did not say of what ground. I say he was not made of the dust of the ground of this earth, but he was made of the dust of the earth were he lived, where he honored his calling, believing in his Savior, or Elder Brother, and by his faithfulness, was redeemed, and got a glorious resurrection. All creatures that dwell upon this earth are made of the elements that compose it; which are organized to see if they will abide their creation, and be counted worthy to receive a resurrection.

"What, every flesh?"

Yes, every flesh, for all flesh pertaining to this world is made of the dust of this earth; it is all made from the same material, according to the will and pleasure of him who dictates all things. Our bodies are composed of the same material that composes this earth; they are composed of the water, air, and solid earth, either of which will resolve back into to their native fountain.

How many elements are there I do not know anymore than you. They have never all been classified by science, though scientific gentlemen have tried to do it.

I tell you more, Adam was is the Father of our spirits. He lived upon an earth; he did abide his creation, and did honor his calling and priesthood, and obeyed his master or Lord, and probably many of his wives did also <the same>, and they lived, and died upon an earth, and then were resurrected again to immortality and eternal life.

"Did he resurrect himself?" you inquire. I want to throw out a few hints upon the resurrection as it seems to come within the circuit of my <ideas> whether it ought to come within the circuit of my remarks or not. I believe we have already acknowledged the truth established that no person can officiate in any office he has not been subject to himself and been legally appointed to fill. That no person in this kingdom can officiate in any ordinance he himself has not obeyed; consequently no being who has not been resurrected possesses the keys of the power or resurrection. That you have been told often. Adam therefore was resurrected by someone who had been resurrected.

I will to a little further with this lest some of you will be querying, doubting, and philosophizing this away. It is true, Jesus said, "I lay down my life that I might take it again. No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again." I do not doubt the power of Christ; but did he prove that in his resurrection? No. But it is proved that an angel came and rolled away the stone from the door of the sepulcher, and did resurrect the body of the son of God.

"What angel was this?"

It is not for me to say. I do not know him. If I ever did know him it is so long since I have entirely forgotten who it was. <That> Jesus had power to lay down his life, and <power to> take it up again I do not dispute. Neither do I dispute, but what an angel came, that was sent by the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, to role away the stone from the sepulcher, and resurrect the Son of God. Suffice it to say that he was some character who had himself been resurrected.

"Is there any further proof with regard to <this> sacred order of the kingdom of God on the earth?"

O yes, you can find it in all the scriptures. For instance when the Savior appeared to Paul of Tarsus, on the road, in answer to the question, "<Lord> what will thou have me do," he was told to go into the City of Damascus, and it should be told him <there> what to do. In the mean[time] one Ananias was sent to him, who baptized and ordained him. Jesus would not do this, because he had servants on earth whose <special> duty it was to administer <administer> these ordinances.

Again, the angel that appeared to Cornelius would not operated in the ordinances of the Gospel, but told him to send men to Joppa, to the house of one Simon the Tanner, and call for one Peter, etc., whose duty it was to do it, he being called and ordained to that power. Many more instances of this kind might be quoted but the above will suffice to illustrate the principle.

Now, many inquiries will be made about the Savior such as, "Who is he?" "Is he the Father of Adam?" "Is he the God of Adam?" When Christ has finished his labor and presented it to his father, then he, Adam will receive a fullness. That is all easily understood by me. He cannot receive a fullness of the kingdoms he has organized until they are completed. If he sends his servants off to the right and to the left to perform a certain labor, his kingdom is not complete, until his ministers have accomplished everything to make his kingdom complete and returned home again.

Many inquire who is this Savior? I will tell you what I think about it, and what the revelations say as the say I reckon, and as the Yankees say I guess; but I will tell you what I reckon. I reckon that Father Adam was a resurrected being, with his wives and posterity, and in the Celestial kingdom they were crowed with glory, immortality, and eternal lives, with thrones, principalities, and powers: and it was said to him it is your right to organize the elements; and to your creations and posterity there shall be no end, but you shall add kingdom to kingdom, <and> throne to throne; and still behold that vast eternity of unorganized matter. Adam then, was a resurrected being; and I reckon, our spirits and the spirits of all the human family were begotten by Adam, and born of Eve.

"How are we going to know this?" I reckon it.

And I reckon that Adam came into the Garden of Eden, and did actually eat of the fruit that he, himself planted; and I reckon there was a previous understanding, and the whole plan was previously calculated, before the Garden of Eden was made, that he would reduce his posterity to sin, misery, darkness, wickedness, wretchedness, and to the power of the devil, that they might be prepared, for an exaltation, for without this they could not receive one.

I reckon that all things were first made spiritual preparatory to the natural organization. "What was the use of all this, could not [the] spirits be happy?" Yes, as far as they could. These Indians that roam upon the plains, and upon the mountains are comparatively happy happy in their degraded condition, because they do not know the comforts of civilized life. They can lay upon the ground, pull up sage brush to form a temporary shield against the cold, and get plenty of lizards, and crickets to eat, and they are happy. We would want a comfortable house to live in and something comfortable to eat; something that is suited to our nature, ability, taste, and appetite. We would not be happy and satisfied without <short> of that. So our spirits are as happy as they know how to be. Were you now to live without a house you could not be happy; neither could the spirit be happy without a tabernacle which is the house of the spirit. When the spirit enters the body it is pure, and good, and if the body would be subject to the spirit it would always be taught to do the will of the Father in Heaven. <But> the spirit is interwoven with the flesh and blood; it is subjected to the body, consequently Satan has power over both. I reckon the Father has been through all this.

Do you recollect what I told the brethren who came across the plains this season, when they were perplexed by their oxen; and were calling upon God to give you grace to perform the labor which lay before you? He could not sympathize with you, or know the nature of your trials if he had not passed through the same himself. He knew just as much about crossing the plains, and the trials connected with it as any of us.

The inquiry will arise, among those who are strenuous, and tenacious for the account given by Mosses, as to Adam.

"Did not Adam die?"

Yes, he died.

"Does not the Bible say he died?"

I do not know nor care, but I think it would be hard, <I think>, to find <where he died; or where Moses died>

(Reporters note. Gen. 5, chap., 5 v. And all the days that Adam lived were 930 years: and he died. Deut. 24, Chap., 5 v. Moses the servant of the Lord died there in the land of Moab, according to the word of the Lord. And he / buried him in a Valley in the land of Moab, over against Beth-peor; but no man knoweth / or his sepulcher to this day).

though I have no doubt Moses died, and Adam also; ________________________ _________________ have? Just as you and I have to die, and be laid away in the bowels of Mother earth; that, however, Moses did not see fit to tell us.

Adam planted the Garden of Eden, <and he, with his wife Eve>, partook of the fruit of this earth, until their systems were charged with the nature of earth, and then they could beget bodies, for their spiritual children. If the spirit does not enter into the embryo man that is forming in the womb of the woman, the result will be false conception. A living intelligent being cannot produced. Adam and Eve begot the first mortal bodies on this earth, and from that commencement every spirit that was ever begotten in eternity for this earth will enter bodies thus prepared for them here, until the winding up scene, and that will not be until the last <of these> spirits enters an earthly tabernacle.

Then I reckon that the children of Adam and Eve married each other; this is speaking to the point. I believe in sisters marrying brothers, and brothers having their sisters for wives. Why? because we cannot do otherwise. There are none others for me to marry but my sisters.

"But you [do] not pretend to say you would marry your father, and mother's daughter?"

If I did not, I would marry another of my sisters that lives over in another Garden; the material of which they are organized is just the same; there is no difference between them, and those who live in this garden. <Our> the spirits are all brothers and sisters, and so are our bodies; and the opposite idea to this has resulted from the ignorant, and foolish traditions of the nations of the earth. They have corrupted themselves with each other, and I want them to understand that they have corrupted their own flesh, blood, and bones; for they are of the same flesh, blood, and bones, of <us> all the family of the earth.

I am approaching the subject of our marriage relations Bro. Hyde Lectured upon, but I shall not have time, or strength to say much about this. But, I reckon that Father Adam, and Mother Eve had the children of the human family prepared to come here and take bodies; and when they came to take bodies, they entered into the bodies prepared for them; and that body gets exaltation with the spirit, when they are prepared to be crowed in Father's kingdom.

"What, into Adam's kingdom?"


As to my talking, what I want to say at this time I shall not do it. I am exhausting myself; I have to speak loud, and it is hard labor.

I tell you, when you see your Father adam in the heavens, you will see Adam; when you see your Mother that bears your spirit, you will see mother Eve. And when you see yourselves there, you have gained your exaltation; you have honored your calling here on the earth; your body has returned to its mother earth; and somebody has broken the chains of death that bound you, and given you a resurrection.

How are you going to get your resurrection? You will get it by the President of the resurrection pertaining to this generation, and that is Joseph Smith Jun. Hear it all ye ends of the earth; if ever you enter into the kingdom of God it is because Joseph Smith let you go there. This will apply to Jews and Gentiles, to the bond, and the free; to friends and foes; no man or woman in this generation will get a resurrection and be crowned, without Joseph Smith saying so. The man who was martyred in Carthage Jail, State of Illinois, holds the keys of life and death to this generation. He is the President of the resurrection of <in> this generation <dispensation>, and he will be the first to rise from the dead. When he has passed through it, then I reckon the keys of the resurrection will be committed to him. Then he will call up his Apostles. You know I told you last conference I was an Apostle of Joseph Smith; and if faithful enough, I expect Joseph will resurrect the Apostles; and when they have passed through the change, and received their blessings, I expect he will commit to them the keys of the resurrection, and they will go on resurrecting the Saints, every man in his own order.

I want to say a little more about marriage relations, so you may understand what my views are. When you get your resurrection, you are not yet exalted, but, by and by, the Lord Jesus Christ, our Elder Brother, the Savior of the world, the heir of the family, when he has put down Satan and destroyed death, then he will say, come let us go home into the presence of the Father. What will become of

What will become of the world then? It will be baptized with fire. I has been baptized with water, and it will then be cleansed by fire, and become like a sea of glass, and be made Celestial; and Jesus Christ, our Elder Brother, will take the whole earth, with all the saints, and go with them to the Father, even to Adam; and you will continue to receive more and more intelligence, glory, exaltation, and power.

I want to tell you a thing with regard to parents, wives, brothers and sisters, etc. The time will come when it will be told where this man, and that woman shall be placed; the real blood of Joseph will be selected out from among the tribes of Israel, and every man, and woman will be put in their place, and stand in their order where the Lord designs them to be. When you get back into the presence of God, and the Lord should say, "Who have you got <brought> with you?" Your reply would be, "My wife and children;" but in reality you have only got with you your brothers and sisters. The Father would say, "These are my children." <When> you meet your Father in Heaven, you will know him, and realize that you have lived with him, and rested in his bosom for ages gone passed, and he will hail you as his sons and daughters, and embrace you, and you will embrace him, and, "Hallelujah, thank God, I have got come to Father again, I have got back home," will resound through the heavens. There are ten thousand things connected <connected> with these ideas. You [will] see the human family of every color and shade of color between black and white. I could stand here and tell you what I reckon but it would take an age for me to tell you all there is about it.

We have all come from one Father, even Adam, both the black and the white, the grizzled and the gray; the noble, and ignoble; and the time will come, when they will all come back again into his presence. When they have behaved themselves, and proved faithful to their calling, and to their God, the curse will be removed, from every class, and nation of men that desires to work the work of God. It has been told you that saviors would come upon Mount Zion, and judge the Mount of Esau. Let me read <it> for to you, "There shall saviors come upon Mount Zion, and Save the Mount of Esau" What does Gentile signify? Disobedience. What does Israel signify? Obedience. What is the name of the first man? Adam, which signifies first man, and Eve signifies first woman. And when Michael the Archangel shall sound his trump, and the Ancient of Days shall come, all things that we once [had] been familiar with will come back again to our memory.

In our marriage relations here we are marrying our brothers, and our sisters. As to a man having more wives than one, this is startling indeed to the traditions of the people. With regard to it being the law of the Lord for a man to have only one wife, or for a man to have no wife it is no such thing; all that rests in the traditions of the people, and in the doings of legislative bodies; that is all there is about wives in the world as to the having many or none. It is corruption for men to deny the truth; for men to work iniquity; to defile themselves, and to betray the innocent.

If there are any of my friends who do not belong to the church here, I want to tell you one thing. I will take all the sin there is before God and angels in men having one wife, two wives, ten, or fifty wives, that will use them well, upon my shoulders, if they will acknowledge them, support them, raise children by them, and bring them up as well as they know how; I say I will take all the sins there is in this, of the whole of the Latter Day Saints, and place them with one sin of your poor devils, who when you were young men courted that poor innocent girl, and made her believe you would marry her, then got her in the family way and left her to the wide world, you poor curses. This one sin of yours will weigh down all the sins of the Latter Day Saints together, and go down about enough for you to be damned in the bottomless pit; while the elders of Israel will be exalted among the Gods. There are scores and hundreds, and thousands of these poor girls upon the streets of the cities of the United States.

"Why Governor, did you ever see any of them?"

Yes, lots of them; in that neighborhood, and in the other neighborhood, I have found respectable families, where a young mechanic, a merchant, a lawyer, or a farmer, or some other poor miserable wretch fit for nothing but the fire of hell, would insinuate themselves into the family, court the daughter, win her affections, desire her, and then forsake her, and then boast of your achievements and rejoice over your success; but weep and howl for the miseries that shall come upon you, you poor damned wretches. I want to cut their damned throats, and I will if I catch any of them doing it here. I should hold myself guilty before God and angels if I did not sweep the earth of such lo wretch. I will not ask the Lord to do a dirty trick I would not do myself. Let them prowl around my daughter, and I will slay them, yes, as fast as I can come to them. What more will I do? When I find a young woman caught in this snare, I will take her to my house house, and say, "You have a home with me and my family."

I only know these iniquities by observation, I was never of such sins; the wickedest day I ever saw I would not betray an innocent female, but instead of prostituting them, I would tell them how to do right, and teach them the way of life and salvation, and see them safe in the kingdom of God if they would obey my counsel. But you will take a poor helpless, innocent creature, and lead the unsuspecting victim nigh to the alter of marriage, and then ruin the innocent lamb, you poor cursed Gentiles, go and weep, and howl. In New York alone there are over eighteen hundred prostitutes licensed in that city to corrupt themselves for hell; and I want to tell every man that is going to hell, that it is full of such creatures, so full that their elbows stick out of the windows.

Instead of creating such an awful state of society as this presents, we take to ourselves wives, acknowledge them, raise their children, school them, and try to teach them the way of salvation. Let me tell you what they should [do] in the City of New York, that holy, that righteous city, and to other cities, where there are thousands of licensed houses of ill-fame, besides thousands of private ones that are not licensed <but go under different appellations.> They should set fire to every poor filthy debaucher, and collect the illegitimate children, as they are called, that are running in the streets, and wash them, and school them, and teach them righteousness, and not suffer them to mingle with those that mingle unlawfully together. Also, take the women, and wash them clean, and put them to work, at spinning, weaving, and at other useful employment in the country. As they now exist, they want to die, they have lost their character, and nothing appears in the future for them but a life of wretchedness of the lowest administrative grade. There are thousands of these poor women who would bless the first person who would kill them. They do not wish to kill themselves, but live they must and disguise their own real feelings.

Let the world cleanse themselves before they talk about Utah; and when they get sanctified, and become purer than we are, they may come and give us a few on purity. It is a subject I do not wish to name, but in my remarks I seemed to run on to it, and could not well avoid it.

I wish you to understand will the position I have taken, and the nature of the remarks I have made. Profit by them, both saints and sinners. You have had things laid before you that does not presently belong to from the world, not to men and women, who calculate to apostatize. They belong to the wise; to those who are serving God with all their hearts. Now let me say to the wicked in heart, you cannot remember a word of this discourse unless you remember it in the Lord. I might reveal all there is in eternity, and those who have not their hearts on righteousness would know nothing about it, nor be in the least instructed.

I commenced with Father Adam in his resurrected state, noticed our spiritual state, then our temporal, or mortal state, and traveled until I got back to Father Adam again. After considering all this, what have you seen that makes it appear we are not brethren and sisters. Does it appear that we are not because we are commanded to multiply and replenish the earth? You think when you run <into> back to your grandchildren and great-grandchildren, etc., that by and by there will be no connection. They are just as much connected in spirit and body, in flesh, and blood, and bone, as your children are that you bear off your own body.

This is something pertaining to our marriage relation. The whole world will think what an awful thing it is. What an awful thing it would be if the Mormons should just say we believe in marrying brothers and sisters. Well, we shall be under the necessity of doing it, because we cannot find anybody else to marry. The whole world are at the same thing, and will be as long as man exists upon the earth.

I feel as though I have said enough. I have talked long enough for my own good; and we shall bring our conference to a close. If there is anything to be done or

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