James M. Mangum's Affidavit (excluded from evidence in John Doyle Lee's first trial). Positive picture of Lee as peacemaker and Indians as being violent against the emigrants is painted.

Jul 5, 1875
James M. Mangum
Scribed Summary

James M. Mangum, Affidavit July 5, 1875, Minute Book B, 1869-1881. District Court (Second District) Minute Book, Series 5319, Utah State Archives and Records Service, Salt Lake City.

J. R. Wilkins
James M. Mangum, William H. Dame, Oscar Hamblin, Carl Shurtz, John Doyle Lee
General Public

Personally appeared before me one of the undersigned Justices of the Peace for Kanab Precint, James M. Mangum, who upon his oath saith, that upon the fourth day of July, 1875, he was subpoenaed to appear before the Second District Court at Beaver to answer in the matter of John D. Lee, W.H. Dame vs. The People of the United States. Therefore the said James M Mangum deposeth and saith, that on account of ill health, he suffering severely from palpitation of the heart, and having no means of conveyance, therefore prays the Honorable Court to accept the following deposition.

That he was living in Washington, Washington, Co., Utah in the fall of 1857, When Carl Shurtz came to him, and said that John D. Lee wanted him to go to the Mountain Meadows as interpreter, as the Indians were made, and he wanted him and Oscar Hamblin to come and try and pacify them. He went, overtaking Oscar Hamblin on the road and found about two hundred Indians at the Meadows, who were very mad. They immediately disarmed us, and threatened to kill us, calling us squaws, &c., one Indian fired at me, the ball passing through my hat. They told us the Americats had poisoned some beef at Corn Creek and that many of their men had died through eating it, and they threatened vengeance, and were very wrathful. I saw John D. Lee there; he was trying to pacify them, but they would not listen to him or us, and I verily believe that had it not been for the Indian boy that John D. Lee raised, the Indians would have killed John D. Lee, Oscar Hamblin and myself. I finally got the Indians to listen to me. I advised them to take the stock belonging to the Americans back to them and let them go on their journey, but this made them still more mad., and they again threatened to kill me. Finding I could do no good I left and returned to Washington, and on my way saw little bands of Indians with small bands of stock scattered through the hills. And further the deponent saith that he did not see W.H. Dame at that time, or during that year and further the deponent saith not.

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